The GS9029 is a second generation bipolar integrated circuit designed to drive four 75Ω co-axial cables.
The GS9029 features two pairs of complementary outputs whose amplitude is controlled within ±7.5%. The output signal levels are also adjustable from 50mVp-p up to 1000mVp-p with little change in other performance parameters. The amplitude of the output stage is varied by adjusting the RSET resistor value. The patented current mode outputs ensure superior output return loss and minimal over shoot. The rise/fall time circuitry allows wide range operation and provides symmetrical balanced outputs to reject power supply noise. In addition high output isolation ensures that the cable driver outputs are not affected by the performance or status of other outputs. Operational with input amplitudes as low as 80mV, the GS9029 provides a robust serial interface.
The GS9029 is packaged in a 16 pin narrow SOIC and operates from a single +5 or -5 volt supply. Typical system power consumption is 320mW which is 40% less than the GS9007.

*SMPTE 259M compliant
*four isolated outputs (two complimentary pairs), adjustable from 50mV-1000mV into 75Ω loads
*operational from 143Mb/s to 540Mb/s and beyond
*nominal 500ps rise/fall times
*precise ±7.5% output amplitudes
*40% system power reduction over GS9007
*75Ω on-chip input termination resistors
*input hysteresis
*operational down to 80mV input amplitude
*superior output isolation
*"Bus Through" expansion port for fan out requirements

4ƒsc, 4:2:2 and 4:4:4:4 serial digital video co-axial transmission interfaces from 143 to 540Mb/s; General purpose cable driving applications (co-axial cable or UTP).

GS9029-CKD, GS9029-CTD

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The PI3V341 is a true bi-directional 3-Port 4:1 multiplexer/demultiplexer with Hi-Z outputs that is recommended for both RGB and composite video switching applications. With the increased 4:1 channels, multiple components, such as VCR, DVD, PC1, PC2 and etc. can be put on the video networks. The VideoSwitch can be driven from a current output RAMDAC or voltage output composite video source.
Low On-Resistance, Low Crosstalk, Low OFF Isolation and wide bandwidth features make it ideal for video and other applications. Industry leading advantages include a near zero propagation delay, resulting from its low channel resistance and I/O capacitance. The switch is bi-directional and offers little or no attenuation of the high-speed signals at the outputs. The device also has exceptional high current capability which is far greater than most analog switches offered today. The PI3V341 offers a high-performance (375 MHz), low-cost solution to switch between video sources.
The PI3V341/-A is an enhanced solution w/ enhanced ESD protection support, up to 8kV contact.

*Near-Zero propagation delay
*5Ω switches connect inputs to outputs
*High signal passing bandwidth (375MHz)
*Beyond Rail-to-Rail switching
*5V I/O tolerant with 3.3V supply
*2.5V and 3.3V supply voltage operation
*Hot insertion capable (non '-A' part only)
*Low Crosstalk (XTALK = -60dB Typ.)
*Low Off-Isolation (OIRR = -60db Typ.)
*Industrial operating temperature: -40ºC to +85ºC
*ESD Protection
-PI3V341: I/O pins only have 3kV contact protection
-PI3V341-A: I/O pins only have 8kV contact protection
*Latch-up performance >250mA per JESD17
*Packaging (Pb-free & greeen available)
-24-Pin QSOP (Q)
-24-Pin TSSOP (L)

*Projection TV and LCD TV
*Video consumer applications
*Analog video signal processing

PI3V341QE, PI3V341LE, PI3V341-AQE, PI3V341-ALE

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The DG540/541/542 are high performance monolithic wideband/video switches designed for switching RF, video and digital signals. By utilizing a “T” switch configuration on each channel, these devices achieve exceptionally low crosstalk and high off-isolation. The crosstalk and off-isolation of the DG540 are further improved by the introduction of extra GND pins between signal pins.
To achieve TTL compatibility, low channel capacitances and fast switching times, the DG540 family is built on the Siliconix proprietary D/CMOS process. Each switch conducts equally well in both directions when on.

*Wide Bandwidth: 500 MHz
*Low Crosstalk: –85 dB
*High Off-Isolation: –80 dB @ 5 MHz
*“T” Switch Configuration
*TTL Logic Compatible
*Fast Switching—tON: 45 ns
*Low rDS(on): 30

*RF and Video Switching
*RGB Switching
*Local and Wide Area Networks
*Video Routing
*Fast Data Acquisition
*Radar/FLR Systems
*Video Multiplexing

DG541, DG542, DG540DJ, DG541DJ, DG542DJ

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The GF9103 is specifically designed to simplify conversions from 4:2:2 component digital video to analog RGB or analog YCBCR component video. The GF9103 simplifies this process by performing 4:2:2 to 8:8:8 interpolation, digital color space conversion and digital SIN X/X correction in a single device. Immediately following the GF9103, three over-sampled channels of RGB or YCBCR data may be passed through Digital to Analog converters and simplified analog reconstruction filters.
The GF9103 accepts a single 10 bit stream of 4:2:2 data and internally de-multiplexes it into three 10 bit channels of YCBCR data. The YCBCR data is then passed through three linear phase FIR filters that over-sample the Y data by a factor of 2 and the CB and CR data by a factor of 4.
While operating in an over-sampled RGB output mode, the interpolated YCBCR data is passed through the internal color space converter to convert the YCBCR data to RGB data according to CCIR-601. Alternatively, the color space converter may be bypassed to obtain over-sampled YCBCR (8:8:8) output data. While operating in YCBCR output mode, setup may be dynamically inserted into the Luminance channel.
Prior to output rounding, over-sampled YCBCR or RGB data may be corrected for SIN X/X characteristics of D/A conversion. Output data may be rounded to 10 or 8 bit resolution per channel. CB and CR may be presented as signed or unsigned data.
The GF9103 is packaged in a 68 pin PLCC package, operates with a single +5 V power supply and typically consumes only 85 mA of current when operated at 27 MHz.

*4:2:2 to over-sampled RGB or YCBCR conversion in a single device
*single 10 bit 4:2:2 input
*internal 4:2:2 de-multiplexer
*4:2:2 to 8:8:8 interpolation filters
*internal YCBCR to RGB color space conversion
*optional YCBCR (8:8:8) output mode
*setup insertion in Luminance channel under user control
*user selectable digital SIN X/X correction
*rounding to 10/8 bit resolution per output channel
*40 MHz maximum clock rate
*single +5 V power supply

*Over-Sampling 4:2:2 to Analog RGB Conversions for video monitoring
*Over-Sampling 4:2:2 to Analog YCBCR Conversions for video monitoring

GF9103-CPS, GF9103-CTS

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Zoran's CVE3 NTSC/PAL/SECAM Video Encoder is a siliconefficient, high-quality Intellectual Property Core for video IC designs requiring the TV output function. The CVE3 encodes YCrCb, 4:2:2 digital video into all NTSC, PAL, or SECAM TV standards. The CVE3 supports vertical blanking interval (VBI) encoding, including closed caption, teletext, WSS and CGMS-A encoding. CVE3 also includes support for Macrovision 7.1.L1, the copy protection scheme used in DVD players and set-top boxes. Six separate output busses for Y, Composite, Chroma, and RGB provide for flexibility in connection and multiplexing to DACs.
Proven in silicon and shipping in the millions, the CVE3 video encoder greatly reduces the risk and time involved when integrating the video encoding function into an IC. Zoran’s video encoder technology is incorporated into its own Vaddis DVD playback and COACH digital camera ICs.

*Encodes 4:2:2 YCrCb into all variations of NTSC, PAL or SECAM TV standards
*Simultaneous output of composite video, S-video and component video supported
*Dual chroma paths for optimal output of both composite video and S-Video component video
*CCIR 601, 604 and 656 and SMTPE 253 standards supported
*Macrovision 7.1.L1 copy protection
*33-tap luma filter
*Programmable Notch Filter
*Outputs 10-bit data to DACs
*Vertical Blanking Interval (VBI) encoding support including closed caption, teletext, WSS & CGMS Encoding
*Fully synchronous design
*Process technology independent "softcore"

Integrated Circuit Applications
*PC video
*Digital camera processors
*PC graphics
*Set top box decoders
*Gaming systems
*Any system requiring TV output
TAG encoder, VIDEO

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Zoran’s CVE2 NTSC/PAL video encoder core continues a line of highly efficient, cost effective solutions for the digital video market. The CVE2 core encodes YCrCb video into all NTSC and PAL standards with full programmable timing parameters. The carrier frequency and phase provides maximum flexibility. The core also includes support for Macrovision 7.1.L1, the copy protection used by DVD and set -top boxes.
This synthesizable intellectual property core accepts YCrCv video as specified by the CCIR-601 standard or full range YCrCb. All timing signals are generated within the core, synchronized to an external 27 MHz clock. In master mode the core provides Hblank and Vblank to the video source. In slave mode Hblank and Vblank are inputs. In slave mode the core can also be configured to accept multiplexed YCrCb as specified by the CCIR-656 standard.
The outputs are 6 separate busses for Y, Composite, Chroma, and RGB. This allows for flexibility in connection and multiplexing to DACs.

Core Features
*Encodes YCrCb into NTSC or PAL/SECAM
*Supports Macrovision 7.1.L1 copy protection
*Supports all variations of NTSC encoding
*Supports all variations of PAL encoding (I, B, G, D, N, M and combination N)
*RGB SCART output with (MV)
*Component YUV output with (MV)
*Controlled (smooth) edges on Sync and Burst
*Adheres to CCIR 601, 604 and 656 specs; also adheres to SMTPE 253 spec
*Programmable Notch Filter
*Upsampled design minimizes sinx/x distortion and complexity of external analog filter
*Nominal sample rate is 27 Msample/s
*Advanced Trick Play Features including Zoom, Smooth Scan
*Flexible input configuration: can be timing slave or master
*Outputs 10 bit data to DACs
*Generic register programming port
*Controlled entry and exit of active video line
*Fully programmable RGB setup and sync
*WSS & CGMS Data Line Encoding

*PC Video
*Digital camera process
*PC Graphic
*Any system requiring TV output

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Operating from a single +5 V supply, the TK15407 is a dual video driver IC that takes standard video signals as analog inputs and provides buffered analog outputs for driving 150 Ω loads (series 75 Ω resistor and 75 Ω cable load).
Both amplifiers have a fixed gain of 6 dB and can be used in series for 12 dB gain.
The luminance (Y) input is clamped at 1.29 V and amplified 6 dB to produce 2 VP-P (typical) into a series 75 Ω resistor and 75 Ω cable load.
The internal 1.5 k SAG function resistor provides gain compensation for low frequency signals.
The chromanance (C) input is biased at 2.6 V and amplified 6 dB to produce 1.1 VP-P (typical) into a series 75 Ω resistor and 75 Ω cable load.
During standby (Pin 3 grounded), the TK15407 consumes only 119 μW of power.
Nominal power dissipation (no input) is typically 76 mW.
The TK15407 is ideally suited for S-VHS systems.
The TK15407M is available in the very small SOT23L-8 surface mount package.

*Fixed Gain (6 dB)
*Internal 75 Ω Drivers
*Very Small Output Capacitor Using SAG Function Pin
*Active High ON/OFF Control
*Very Low Standby Current (typ. ISTBY ≤ 25 μA)
*Very Small SOT23L-8 Package

*Video Equipment
*Digital Cameras
*CCD Cameras
*TV Monitors
*Video Tape Recorders
*LCD Projectors


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 This IC is a video signal driver IC that supports 3-ch interlace video developed for DVD players.
It includes a low-pass filter that attenuates the noise element during DA conversion, and a 3-channel 6dB amp with 75Ω driver.
In addition, external ESD protection diodes can be reduced by a sag correction pin for reducing output coupling capacitance, and enhancement ot the ESD protection elements for the output pins.

* Includes a SAG correction pin.
* Enabled to drive a 3-channel 6dB amp with 75Ω driver
* Includes a 4th-order low-pass filter Frequency response: 6.75MHz ± 1dB / 27MHz – 27dB min.
* Includes a 6dB amp
* Includes a power save function
* S/N=80dB typ. (Y/C mix:74dB typ.)
* ESD strengh (aerial discharge) of ±15kV (IEC standard)
* Includes mode select pins which correspond to various video signals

* DVD players
* Digital STB
* Other digital video equipment

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 The IS-5114 is a highly integrated solution for dual-mode digital still-image and video cameras. It combines a number of functions that are required in such devices, including the following:
* The device is based on an ARM946ES microprocessor whose function is to control the entire
system, to capture and play back audio, and to multiplex compressed video and audio into a
single bit stream that can be delivered to the main CPU.
Most computationally-intensive functions are implemented in hardware which can be programmed according to user specifications, thus allowing the ARM® processor to be free for other user-defined functions such as advanced image and multimedia processing.
The processor has 8 KB + 8 KB of internal instruction/data cache which helps it to operate efficiently and use minimal DDR SDRAM bandwidth.
* The device supports imager sizes of up to 16 megapixels.
It accepts both Bayer RGB and CCIR-656 interfaces, which cover all possible CCD and CMOS sensors.
It supports progressive as well as interlaced (up to 4 fields) imagers, including the special readout modes of progressive VGA CCD imagers.
The device also supports a programmable delay on the external imager clock so that the highest quality images can be captured.
* The device has a high-performance still-image and video image processing block that
performs all the necessary functions to convert the image/video data to a format that can be
compressed in either JPEG or MPEG formats, as well as deliver image data to the LCD controller for a live view.
This block performs gain control, color recovery, Gamma correction, image enhancement, image correction, scaling, rotation, and conversion to the YC format.
All those functions have been implemented in the hardware to achieve the required performance
at very low power consumption figures.
In addition, there is a hardware block that collects statistics on the imager for auto-exposure (AE) and auto-white balancing (AWB) algorithms.
Those AE/AWB algorithms are performed in the embedded ARM9 CPU to allow customization of the application.
The current architecture also has the appropriate interfaces and sufficient performance to support a strobe-type flash light, as well as dark frame subtraction for low-level light conditions.
* The device has numerous display capabilities.
It has an integrated video encoder (double sampling) and two 10-bit video DACs running at up to 27 MHz to support direct display to high-definition TVs and projectors.
The device also has a 24-bit RGB output to interface to flat-panel TVs (LCDs and Plasma) at different VESA rates up to XGA (1024 x 768) resolution.
It supports both square pixel and CCIR-type formats and can display in NTSC or PAL mode
with the same crystal.
It also has an integrated LCD controller which can interface directly to various LCDs.
It directly supports a variety of LCD panels from Epson, Casio, AU, and Toppoly without the need for external ICs.
Finally, it has a digital video output interface which can supply composite, 8-bit YC (CCIR-656), 16-bit YC, RGB 565, or component (Y/Pr/Pb) formats.
* The device has a high-performance image scaler that can perform up and down scaling at
floating point resolutions.
* For video applications, a hardware video codec is included that supports MPEG-4 Simple
Profile (encode and decode) and Advanced Simple Profile (encode only) communication at
up to 30 fps VGA resolution.
The hardware video engine is a pipelined architecture which is also flexible enough to support JPEG compression/decompression, H.263, MPEG-2 encode(I/P frames) at 30 fps VGA, and MPEG-1 encode/decode at 24 fps VGA (I frames only).
The video codec can also be used to record and play back video clips including those taken from other digital cameras and mobile phones.
All performance figures are for half duplex operation.
Full duplex is possible, but the performance has not been characterized.
* The device utilizes a unified memory architecture using the DDR-SDRAM to capture, process, and play back images and video as well as to store program code and variables.
It supports SDRAM configurations of up to 1 gigabit.
* The device supports all Flash cards, including Multimedia Card (MMC), Secure Digital (SD),
Memory Stick Pro, SSFDC/SmartMedia/NAND Flash, and CompactFlash.
The Flash card interfaces can support read/write operations at the maximum speeds specified by the Flash cards.
* The device has an ATA/IDE controller with UDMA capability to stream video directly to hard
drives or CompactFlash devices.
* A static memory controller is included that supports up to eight 16 MB devices such as Flash,
SRAM, or other memory-mapped peripherals.
Both 8-bit and16-bit data buses are supported, with data accesses of up to 32 bits.
The number of wait states, and setup, hold, and data float times are programmable on a per device (chip select) basis.
* A general-purpose 10-bit 96 kHz DAC is available.
It can be used to control camera components such as the iris, shutter motor, lens motor, flash bulb, or AGC gain. It can also be used to drive audio output.
* A general-purpose 10-bit, 96 kHz ADC is available.
This ADC has four input channels, which can be used for such things as battery level checking, photo detection, focus sensing, or audio capture.
* The I2S- and AC’97-compatible audio data interface allows the device to connect with an
external stereo ADC/DAC to capture or play back voice or audio.
The device can encode captured audio in various popular formats, and can package it in the same bit stream as the video or inside compressed JPEG pictures.
It can also play back stand-alone audio such as MP3 files, or audio embedded in MPEG bit streams.
* The USB 2.0 high-speed slave controller can be used to connect to a PC for efficient downloading of captured images to the PC.
The USB 2.0 full-speed host controller allows the device to connect directly to printers and other slave devices.
* An IEEE 1394 link layer interface allows the device to stream video (compressed or uncompressed) to other devices.
* Two USART interfaces are included for serial communication.
They support standard baud rates of up to 460.8 kbps or non-standard rates of up to 4.875 Mbps in asynchronous mode.
They support rates of up to 19.5 Mbps in synchronous mode.
* The Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) is used to boot from an external EEPROM.
Once the boot code is loaded inside the program memory, the CPU can download its code from any peripheral supported by the device, including non-volatile storage media.
With four chip select pins, the SPI can also be used to control other external devices at speeds of up to 24 Mbps.
* Three 16-bit and three 32-bit general-purpose timers are included which can be used to
generate interrupts to the internal CPU.
The 16-bit timers can also generate waveforms on their associated pins via pulse-width modulation (PWM) or other techniques.
They can also monitor and count external events on these pins.
* A dedicated watchdog timer is available which can provide an interrupt, an event on an external pin, or a reset to the internal CPU in the event that software is not responding as
Write access to the watchdog is protected by control access keys to prevent corruption of the watchdog should an error condition occur.
* A real-time clock is provided to keep track of the time.
It operates on its own power supplies, so the clock can keep running with very low power consumption even if the rest of the chip is unpowered.
Two pins are provided to control system power switching.
* The device provides a keyboard interface that can monitor up to 25 buttons.
* The device provides up to 8 external interrupt pins, depending on the system configuration,
which can be handled by the interrupt controller as either edge or level sensitive.
* Up to 130 pins can also be configured as GPIOs, depending on the system application.
* During normal operation, the power consumption may be minimized by disabling the clock of
any internal module that is not in use.
In order to further reduce power consumption, the main CPU clock can be divided to run at a slower speed.
In order to minimize power consumption when the device is not in use, a “sleep mode” is available that halts the operation of all logic and shuts down the oscillators and PLLs.
Recovery from the sleep mode occurs via the WKP (“wake-up”) pin, at which time the device begins execution from its previous state.

* Advanced Processor for Dual-mode Digital Still Cameras and Video Recorders
* Supports Personal Video Recording Applications
* ARM946E-S™ Core with Enhanced DSP Capability for A/V Processing and System Control Functions, 8 KBytes Each for Instruction/Data Cache, Runs up to 96 MHz
* Supports Progressive and Interlaced CCD Imagers (up to 4 Fields)
* Image Processing Functions for CCD/CMOS Imagers
* Image Scaling and Rotation Hardware
* Video Encoder with Two DACs and Line Drivers for Composite or S-Video NTSC/PAL TV
* Digital Video Outputs Include: Composite, 16/8-bit YC (CCIR-656), RGB 565, 24-bit RGB, Component (Y/Pr/Pb), VESA up to XGA Resolutions
* Direct Interface to Casio, Epson, AU, and Toppoly LCDs
* Encodes/Decodes Images and Video: Baseline JPEG, MPEG-1 at 24 fps VGA, MPEG-4 at 30 fps VGA (Performance Figures are for Half Duplex)
* DDR SDRAM Interface Supports from 128 Mbits to 1 Gbit
* Unified Memory Architecture (Entire Program and Data Stored in DDR SDRAM)
* Support for All Flash Card Interfaces (MMC/SD, Memory Stick Pro™, SSFDC/SmartMedia, CompactFlash®)
* ATA/IDE Controller
* Static Memory Controller (Flash/SRAM) Supports up to Eight 16 MB Devices
* One DAC for Camera Control Functions and Audio Output
* Four ADC Channels for Monitoring Camera Analog Inputs (Audio, Switches, etc.)
* Audio Data Interface for Connection to External Stereo ADC/DAC
* USB 2.0 High-speed Slave and Full-speed Host Controllers for PC Camera and Printing Applications
* IEEE 1394 Link Layer Interface
* Two USART Interfaces and a Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) for Loading Boot Code and Controlling Camera Components
* Six General-purpose Timers for Waveform Generation (PWM, etc.) and Event Monitoring
* Programmable Watchdog Timer and Real-time Clock
* Keyboard Interface Supports up to 25 Buttons
* Up to 8 External Interrupts and up to 130 Pins Configurable as General-purpose I/Os
* 280-ball BGA Package, 1.8V Core, and 1.8 to 3.3V I/O Operation

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The i-Net TV FS450 is a fourth generation video scan converter.
It accepts many input resolutions, rates and formats and converts them to NTSC or PAL standards compliant with SMPTE-170M and CCIR-656 standards.
The chip has a programmable down scaler to fit the incoming resolution to the output display format.
The CCIR 656 ports allow external interface to other video chips.
The sync control block generates frame reset for genlocking other video components.
Required external components are minimal: a single 27 MHz oscillator or crystal and passive parts.
Digital progressive RGB inputs are downscaled or upscaled to the CCIR-656 horizontal pixel count and converted to the 656 format.
Vertical scaling and flicker filtering are done in 656 format.
The Flicker Filter is an advanced 2 dimensional filter that enhances text quality.
Flicker Filter and Sharpness parameters are programmable.
A digital video encoder that generates analog Y/C and Composite Video outputs is part of the
For the composite output in NTSC, YNotch and C-Bandpass filters are available.
For RGB and YUV outputs, the encoder may be bypassed via a YUV to RGB transcoder for
SCART compatible video.
Scaling and clock parameters are automatically programmed by the driver, so the system remains genlocked with resolution changes.
The input parameters to the automatic scaling are TV viewable area, PAL or NTSC, and the GCC CRT Control Registers’ settings.
The FS451's encoder incorporates Macrovision 7 anti-copy protection technology.
All parameters can be read and written via the I2C compatible serial port.
Power is derived from +3.3V digital and analog supplies.
The package is 100-lead Quad Flat Pack (PQFP).

* Flexible clock, data, and electrical interfaces allows glue-less digital interface to Intel 82810, National Geode and most other graphic controller chips ("GCC")
* Capable of operating as clock master, pseudo-master, and slave and supports both single and differential master clocks
* Programmable 2D scaling †
– Variable horizontal up and down scale
– Variable vertical downscale
– Output format can be tuned to the exact dimensions of the TV
* Advanced 2-D flicker filter †
* Supports Multiple Progressive Input Resolutions
– 640x480 to 1024x768
* Multiple Output Standards
– Composite, S-Video, RGB SCART
– Composite Y-Notch and C-Bandpass Filters
* Genlock the GCC and incoming Video
– Provides the pixel clock to the GCC generated from a single 27MHz clock
– Provides frame synchronization output signal for other video components
* CCIR 656 outputs
* CCIR 656 input to the encoder
* 10-bit output D/A converters
* Macrovision 7 compliant (FS451 only)
* I2C‡ compatible port controls
* High level programming interface
* 100 pin PQFP package
* 3.3V operation
†Note: Covered under US Patent # 5,862,268 and/or patents pending.
‡Note: I2C is a registered trademark of Philips Corporation. The FS450 SIO bus is similar but not identical to Philips I2C bus.

* Internet Set Top Boxes
* PC video out (TV Ready PCs)
* Cable/DVD Player Set Top Boxes
* Web Appliances
* Information Appliances
* Video Kiosks


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